IBM SPSS Statistics, Desktop Base, 188.8.131.52, for the Windows OS entire platform, is among the most widely used programs for statistical analysis in Social Science. It is used by the likes of survey companies, governments, marketing and research organizations to forecast future trends that would help plan organizational strategies and manufacturing processes. Utilizing these trends will further identify which customers are most valuable and likely to respond to specific promotional offers; now, by targeting these, revealed valuable, customers you can boost profits and reduce costs in most production operations. During SPSS Statistics Base 21.0 analysis a profound array of, case study, data is utilized. Data derived from these case studies bridge chasms that extends across multi disciplines from Psychology and Sociology to Business Ethics and Industrial Economics; perhaps you can consider this just the foundational layer used during analysis; the other layer used, which is more mathematically inclined, and indicative of this application's title, extends from Probabilities and Statistics to Data Distribution-Correlation and Data parameter mathematical-operations.
Users can provide their own generated, tailor-fitted, case studies data instead of IBM's, cloud resident, provision; the math and data crunching, analysis results, on these user provided case study data sources would then better outfit or cater to these users' production operations. Data integration and preparation tools are made available through plug-ins and programming environments; so larger, external data, files can interface and be ported into SPSS Base 21's environment with a little fiddling and diddling; a user can configure the Microsoft .NET 21.0's, IBM SPSS Statistics, Integration Plug-In without fumbling and program various macros, script as well as syntax command statements, without doodling.
Statistics included in this IBM SPSS Statistics Base 21.0 software can be explored by navigating to any active Window and access Analyze; then the user can select Descriptive Statistic, and click Frequencies or other similar studies; with this approach, a user can select analysis-outlined in the approach introduced earlier, namely, case study layer and mathematical layer; in order to examine this base software's powerful features for case study data-processing and statistical data's various mathematical, output formats, 6 instances are considered. For: 1) Descriptive, Explorative, Cross tabulation, and occurrence-Frequencies analysis; this jargon is about data summary charts, along with some assumption analysis, and ending with 2 X 3 type data-tables that's also used to track data occurrences in the table's 2 rows or 3 columns; also included is: 2) Ratio's summary statistics, such as between two scale variables, like Median, and Standard deviation; further analysis instance is, 3) Concentration index, such as used in economics to detect monopolies such as when a company has a heavy or concentrated industry's market share; Showcasing more of SPSS Statistics Base 21.0's analysis tool kit reveals, 4) Bivariate, or multi-variable based, analysis statistics; and final revelations involve, 5) Mean, T-test, or statistical test with unknown standard deviations, and 6) ANOVA, which is ANalysis Of VAriance, between groups; these revelations combine to showcase a tidbit of the advanced scope of IBM SPSS Statistics Base 21.0's analysis tool kit.
PROGRAM I/O FEATURES: When selecting SPSS Base 21.0's Variable or Data input interface modes it’s a no-no to store Formulae within its spreadsheets data cells; and here data simply refers to numbers or text. Small datasets present the least overhead, application resource-wise, as they only require cells in either Data or Variable views to be manually edited; these manual dataset operations can provide file structure definition and data entry without using command syntax files. Larger datasets, on the other hand, present the most overhead, and are more often created, by data entry software that automates and conducts, online, personal interviews, surveys and questionnaires processes; the total result of all these processes are then externally interfaced and read into IBM SPSS Statistics Base 21.0.
The metadata, or data variable help, dictionary is displayed by the Variable view where each row represents a variable and shows that variable's name, label, measurement type, print width and a variety of other such characteristics; you get the drift. Statistical output, *.spv files, can be exported to text or Microsoft Word, PDF, Excel, and similar formats; IBM SPSS Statistics Base 21.0., to me, is a data cruncher that's fed by a strategizing user; and if fed effectively, it signals the user, via output data, in what manner and degree trends are developing.